What is drug addiction and best rehabilitation
Drug addiction - a rehabilitation at MEDIAN
Drug addiction is characterized by the Compulsion to constantly consume one or more chemical substancesthat are not food and not essential to life. The typical symptoms of addiction disease range from psychological and physical withdrawal symptoms to loss of control and negative consequences in all areas of life.
In particular, it concerns with the addiction to drugs illegal, psychoactive substances or drugsthat are abused in very high doses outside of the medical indication without a doctor's prescription and are illegally acquired on the black market. The range of effects of the drugs is very specific depending on the type and concentration of the substances. Some drug addicts prefer drugs with a calming effect, while others prefer stimulating substances, and still others use different drugs depending on the situation. Drugs are consumed in different ways. They can be swallowed or injected in tablet form (intravenous use, "IV"). Other drugs such as cocaine are preferred to be snorted– "Sniff". Another common form of consumption is smoking drugs (e.g. cannabis, heroin).
The predominantly used illegal drugs are Cannabis, heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, amphetamines, speed and LSD. The drugs commonly taken in the context of drug addiction are Benzodiazepines and barbiturates (as "downer") and / or Painkiller of the opioid type, but also Stimulants (e.g. medication containing ephedrine). The consumption patterns are subject to constant change. The increasing importance of cannabis both as a gateway drug and as the main drug with the development of a severe addiction syndrome must be carefully monitored and taken into account in the treatment options. Drug addiction isolated on a single drug, such as pure heroin addiction, is becoming rarer. Most commonly, drugs are used under a combined consumption (polytoxicomania) used, in which different drugs and additional drugs and / or alcohol are interchangeable.
The medical rehabilitation of drug addicts has been carried out successfully in the MEDIAN clinics for many years. The prerequisite is physical withdrawal as part of a detoxification phase. The goals of the weaning phase are to restore physical health, to learn alternative strategies for action to drug use, to prevent relapse and to find new solutions to the social and professional situation. Where necessary, work is also carried out on “old injuries”. In many cases it is very promising to include important caregivers in the treatment.
Most of the psychoactive substances consumed as drugs in the context of addiction development are narcotics in the legal sense, the use and handling of which is strictly regulated in the Narcotics Act. People who are addicted to cannabis, opiates / opioids, cocaine or synthetic drugs usually act illegally in the context of procuring these substances.
- opiate are found in opium, the dried milk of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum). The opiates include morphine and codeine. Morphine as the most important opiate is used in pain therapy. Semi-synthetic opioids are for example heroin and dihydrocodeine.
- heroin is a semi-synthetic, highly pain relieving opioid with a very high addiction potential. The effect is euphoric, pain-relieving and sleep-inducing. The forms of consumption are diverse: from smoking, sniffing to injections (IV consumption).
- cocaine is obtained from the leaves of the coca bush using chemical processes. It has an intoxicating, strongly stimulating effect on the psyche as well as a local anesthetic. Cocaine is generally known as a "performance drug" because it temporarily increases performance and increases physical resilience. It is usually snorted or injected.
Synthetic drugs, also known as designer drugs, party drugs or "chemistry", can only be produced in the laboratory without natural raw materials.
The following synthetic drugs are often abused in the context of drug addiction:
- amphetamine (alpha-methylphenethylamine or "speed“) Is a synthetic substance that has not been detected in nature. The amphetamine is the parent compound of the structural class of the same name, to which a large number of psychotropic substances belong, including MDMA (ecstasy) or the naturally occurring ephedrine. Amphetamine is a globally controlled drug; Trade and possession without a permit are punishable by law. Due to its stimulating and euphoric effects, amphetamine is a frequently abused drug, which is mostly on the black market under the name speed or pep is offered.
- MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) structurally belongs to the group of amphetamines. MDMA is far better known as ecstasy, although the drug ecstasy is not restricted to MDMA as an ingredient and therefore other ingredients may also be included.
- Ecstasy, also XTC and others, is the collective name for a large number of phenylethylamines. Ecstasy is usually produced in tablet or capsule form and is mixed with a carrier.
- LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide, called "acid" in slang) is one of the most powerful hallucinogens known
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