Who started Christmas?

Christmas cribs
The unknown birthday of Jesus

The birthday of Jesus is actually unknown. Old records read May 20th, others speak of January 6th ("Feast of the Apparition of the Lord") December 25th as the day on which we celebrate Christmas today, was written by Roman copyist Furius Dionysius Filocalus in 354 set. For a long time, this day was the holiday of the Roman emperors, who were revered as gods. In the Germanic religions this date belonged to the "12 holy nights of the solstice". This is where the German name "Christmas" comes from, derived from "ze wihen nahten".
Christians were convinced that Jesus was the "true sun", which is why this day was set as Christmas.

So the church did not always celebrate the birth of Jesus at Christmas. There have been several doctrines throughout church history, one of which was the birth of Jesus in March.

Also the actual year of birth of Jesus is probably not the year 0 of our calendar but 2-7 years earlier. Since the star of Bethlehem is equated by scientists with a special constellation of Saturn and Jupiter in the zodiac sign of Pisces, which can only be seen every 805 years (was also determined by Johannes Kepler), some astrologers assume that Jesus was 7 years earlier was born when this planetary construction reappeared.

Story about the birth of Jesus!

From Luke 1, 26-35: One day God sent the angel Gabriel to the Galilean city of Nazareth to the Virgin Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, a man of the family of David.
The angel Gabriel (picture on the left) said to the girl: "See, you will become pregnant and give birth to a son. You shall give him the name Jesus! Jesus will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will take the throne for him give to David his father, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and his kingdom will have no end. "
Maria asked the angel Gabriel: "How should that be, since I don't know about any man?"
The angel replied: "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the holy one that is born will also be called the Son of God!"

When Joseph found out that Mary was pregnant, he secretly wanted to leave her. Suddenly an angel appeared to him in a dream who said: "Joseph, you son of David, do not be afraid to take your wife Mary to you, because what she has received is from the Holy Spirit. And she will give birth to a son, to him you give the name "Jesus"; for he will save his people from their sins. "

Mary and Joseph left the city of Nazareth and made a pilgrimage to Bethlehem. There Mary gave birth to her son Jesus, swaddled him and put the baby in a manger, which was in a stable, because otherwise she had no inn.

Why we Christmas on December 24th. to celebrate

Christmas is mostly on December 25th worldwide. celebrated as the birth of Christ.
In many countries, however, already on December 24th. celebrated. The reason is that a festival always began with the vigils, the night watch of the evening before.

In Russia, Christmas is celebrated on January 7th as the Russian Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar.
Vigil is known as the night watch before major festivals. Christians gather around these festivals (Christmas and Easter) by hearing the word of God and watch during the night to await Jesus Christ.

Christmas in Islam

In the Islamic faith, Christmas is not celebrated, and there is no separate Islamic holiday.
Prophet and not Son of God be Jesus Christ in the Islamic faith, because "God did not and was not begotten" (Sura 112: 3)

The Christ Child and Santa Claus
Especially in the Catholic regions, the Christ Child brings Christmas presents to good children.
Today's Santa Claus has its origins around the European folk legends of Saint Nicholas.
In the 4th century, Nikolaus von Myra was a bishop who was the core of numerous legends and is venerated as the patron saint of our children.

Are you interested in Christmas customs in Christian Germany?
Mr. Wolfgang Schorn from Neuss wrote a lecture and allowed us to put it online. Please click on the PDF symbol:

Page content: Christmas, why we celebrate Christmas. Birthday of Jesus, birth of Jesus, Christmas on December 24th, Christmas in Islam, The Christ Child and Santa Claus.