Was Adolf Hitler democratically elected

timeline The rise of the NSDAP


In the year it was founded, Adolf Hitler joined the radical nationalist German workers' party DAP.


Hitler becomes first chairman of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), which was renamed in 1920.


A putsch initiated by Hitler, the "March on the Feldherrnhalle", fails. The NSDAP is banned and Hitler is sentenced to five years imprisonment for treason.


After Hitler was released prematurely from prison in 1924, the NSDAP was re-established. Now with the aim of legally obtaining power.


In the election for the 4th Reichstag, just 2.6 percent of the voters vote for the National Socialists. The Social Democratic Chancellor Hermann Müller forms the last democratically elected government of the Weimar Republic.


In the course of the global economic crisis, the credit-financed economic development in Germany collapses like a house of cards. Mass unemployment, poverty and despair then provide the breeding ground for the strong influx of anti-democratic parties.


In March, the Müller government resigned from the dispute over the increase in unemployment insurance contributions. Without the trust of the Reichstag elected by the people, based on the right of the Federal President to issue emergency ordinances, a "Presidential Cabinet" is now supposed to master the global economic crisis. The Reichstag retains the right to repeal the emergency ordinances, but when it made use of them in 1930 by the Heinrich Brüning government, Federal President Hindenburg unceremoniously dissolves the last Reichstag with a democratic majority. In the following election to the Reichstag, the NSDAP becomes the second strongest party behind the SPD with 18.3 percent of the vote.


After the resignation of the unsuccessful Brüning, at the height of the global economic crisis and in the "democratic chaos", the NSDAP emerged from the two Reichstag elections in 1932 as by far the strongest party. In previous years, neither Hindenburg nor the previous governments had done anything against the obviously anti-constitutional party. It was intended to tame them, tolerated their actions, even proposed a government coalition and thus helped Hitler and his followers to become socially acceptable. Neither the Chancellor Franz von Papen, appointed in June, nor his successor, Kurt von Schleicher, appointed in November, succeeded in forming a stable government. In the meantime, calls from influential bankers and industrialists - including Fritz Thyssen and ex-Reichsbank director Hjalmar Schacht - for Adolf Hitler as the new Reich Chancellor are getting louder and louder.


After rejecting him the year before, Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor on January 30, 1933. Only a few weeks later, the National Socialists took advantage of the legal transfer of power and the abuse of the emergency ordinances practiced in previous years to bring into line and suppress all political opponents. As Joseph Goebbels once promised: "We are legal down to the last gallows, but people are hanged."

Trace of the ancestors | 01/18/2018 | 9:15 pm