When was bread invented?

The invention of bread

Since when has there been bread? And who invented it? Exciting facts ...

According to the latest research results of the Italian Institute for Prehistory and Protohistory, our early ancestors by no means only nourished themselves on meat and fruits, as was long assumed. The Paleo food trend is still based on this assumption today. In Florence, however, an examination of 30,000-year-old stone tools from Italy, Russia and the Czech Republic showed, due to the signs of wear and tear, that they were used as mortars, i.e. for grinding. Microscopic analyzes even revealed the remains of starch grains. This proves that Flour was made 30,000 years ago. The prehistoric humans are said to have lived mainly on a grain basis.[1] Grains are sweet grasses that had to be collected in the wild at that time because agriculture was far from "invented". People were nomads, so they moved around. More about it here.

It can be assumed that the flour from the laboriously collected grains of grass was initially used to make porridge. At some point the prehistoric people must have fallen a little porridge right next to the fire or on a hot stone in the extinguished fireplace. And lo and behold: the porridge became firm, browned, tasted better and was even durable. The bread was invented!

However, back then no bread was baked as we know it today. They were flat breads that were not loosened. It was only another coincidence - namely, a dough that was accidentally left standing, fermented and only then baked - invented the sourdough. This must have been about 6,000 years ago. Incidentally, beer and wine are made using the same fermentation technology. This immediately explains why beer brewing and winemaking were also invented around 6,000 years ago.

So we humans have been eating grain-based food for at least 30,000 years, with the cereal porridge being baked for at least 22,000 years. Other prehistoric humans such as the Neanderthals are said to have died out because, in contrast, they mainly ate meat. The grain-based diet of our ancestors has clear advantages over the Neanderthals, because flour is very rich in energy and, unlike meat, has a long shelf life and is easy to transport. It can be assumed that bread helped people to survive difficult times.

So bread ensured the survival of our ancestors. The cultivation of grain, which was discovered later, made us settled in the Neolithic Age. With the settlements, the professions arose, through the specializations trade and thus money. In this respect one can rightly say: Bread is the origin of human civilization and culture!

"Desire for the green". Report on Deutschlandfunk, October 19, 2010, see http://goo.gl/fVK5LF and “People have been grinding grain for 30,000 years. Article at Spiegel online, see http://goo.gl/1Jj38u (accessed on July 13, 2014)