What was Max Weber's view of bureaucracies? Characteristics of bureaucracies according to Max Weber

Max Weber has a Ideal type of "modern" administration outlined, which in his opinion must be the basis for "rational, legal" rule (Weber 1922: 219ff).

This includes:

1. A continuous, rule-based operation of official business within a

2. clear and factually delimited Jurisdiction and that which may be required for the performance obligation Authority. If means of coercion are required to carry out the tasks, the extent and the prerequisites for the application of these means of coercion must be specified.

3. Principle of the office hierarchy in the sense of an order of the command hierarchy and the control and complaint options.

4. Clear rulesaccording to which to proceed and the corresponding Education and training of the people who have to apply these rules.

5. Principle of full Separation of private assets and assetsto be administered by the official. In addition, there is the complete separation of his household and the official permanent establishment or the office.

6. There are no right a person to a specific "Office"unless this is factually necessary to ensure independent, exclusively norm-based work in the office.

7. The Administration has records to be done. The filing of the administration means that at least applications, decisions, rulings and ordinances are documented in writing.

These basic principles of bureaucratic action under the terms of "rational rule" According to Weber, they apply equally to large private companies, parties, armies, state and church (Weber 1922: 220).

Max Weber in the interview:

The purely bureaucratic, i.e.: the bureaucratic-monocratic record-based management is, according to all experience, the one in terms of precision, continuity, discipline, rigor and reliability, i.e. predictability for both gentlemen and interested parties, intensity and extent of the service, formally universal applicability to everyone Tasks, purely technically that can be perfected to the highest degree, in all these meanings: formal most rational, Form of exercise of power. The development of "modern" forms of association all Territories (state, church, army, party, business enterprise, interest group, association, foundation and whatever it is) is absolutely identical with development and constant increase in bureaucratic Administration: its emergence is e.g. the nucleus of the modern occidental state. (Weber 1922: 224)

These ideal type of bureaucracy was with Max Weber "rational rule" connected to him by two other forms of rule, viz "traditional" and "charismatic" Demarcated rule (Weber 1922: 214-299). Michael Herzfeld (1992: 19) points out that Weber was very well aware that the "pure legal-rational bureaucracy" is not feasible in practice.