What is the irrigation department
The country's irrigation department says there will be no drought this year
Bangkok. According to the Royal Irrigation Department (RID), the water supply will be sufficient by early 2020 to prepare for all measures to deal with problems. As the Royal Irrigation Department announced yesterday, Thailand will not suffer from a drought this year. According to the RID, there will be enough water available for use by the beginning of 2020.
In contrast, the meteorological department had only warned the citizens of Thailand at the beginning of the week that they would have to be prepared for extreme heat in the coming days. According to the forecast of the meteorologists, an exceptionally hot and dry summer is predicted for Thailand as early as Thursday.
According to the forecast of the Meteorological Department, seven provinces in the north and west will have an extreme heat of 40 - 44 degrees Celsius, warn the weather experts. The general director of the Meteorological Department, Mr. Phuwieng Prakhammintara, said during a press conference in Pattaya on Saturday that summer will officially begin in Thailand on February 21, and the climate in all parts of the country will be very hot and dry in the months leading up to the rainy season will.
He also noted that the following provinces:
- Mae Hong Son,
- Nakhon Sawan
- and Kanchanaburi
exposed to extreme temperatures of up to 44 degrees in midsummer.
“While we are expecting higher than usual temperatures in all parts of the country this year, people should also be careful about their water consumption, as rainfall this summer is also likely to be lower than average. We should therefore use the water sensibly in the summer months, ”said the General Director of the Meteorological Department, Mr. Phuwieng.
The statement of Mr. Thaweesak Thanadachopol, the deputy general director of the royal irrigation office, sounds a little different. He said that an official survey of the irrigation zones showed that there was sufficient water available for consumption and agriculture.
Thailand will not see a repeat of recent drought disasters, as RID and its authorities have carried out an in-depth study of water consumption over the past two years and are planning drought control measures to deal with the problems arising from possible water shortages.
However, the senior RID official said that six key reservoirs were still being monitored, namely:
- the Ubol Ratana dam of Khon Kaen,
- the Mae Mok dam of Lampang,
- the Thap Salao dam of Uthai Thani,
- the Krasiao dam of Suphan Buri,
- the Lam Phra Phloeng Dam of Nakhon Ratchasima
- and the Lam Nang Rong Dam of Buri Ram.
The Ubol Ratana and Mae Mok dam operators also banned agriculture in these areas to reserve water during the current dry season until the end of April to ensure there is enough water for consumption, said Mr Thaweesak.
RID is also launching additional programs like dredging irrigation canals to keep farmers busy who cannot grow crops during this season, he added.
The deputy general manager said that while farmers in the other four dams are banned from growing rice out of season, they can still grow food crops to make a living.
He said public consumption will be a priority, followed by using water to irrigate assigned crops before allowing water to be used for industrial purposes.
RID has also taken steps to minimize the effects of the drought and has set up a joint irrigation management committee that sets criteria for equitable water distribution and also handles the settlement of disputes, he added.
Meanwhile, however, around 1,500 households in Uttaradit's Muang district are already suffering from water shortages due to a "very early onset of drought," said district chief Thatree Boonmak yesterday when he led officials in 10 villages to the Wang Din community, which was already affected by the drought are . The visit was also attended by the Director of Disaster Prevention in Uttaradit Province, Mr. Natthawat Ketchan.
District chief Thatree Boonmak said the district office and associated authorities have planned to divert water from the Nan River to Nan Dan Township into a canal, which will in turn pump the water into two large ponds with a total capacity of 145,000 cubic meters. From this the water will then be pumped into the community's tap water system, he added.
This will ensure the area will have enough water for public consumption by May, when the rainy season is due to begin, he said.
The provincial authorities took the opportunity and instructed the responsible officials in the nine districts of Uttaradit to check whether there was enough water for public consumption and irrigation.
Mr. Wirat Aunsa-art, president of the Wang Din Township Administrative Organization, said his office allocated 400,000 baht to fuel the water pump mission, which should be more effective than transporting trucks to deliver water to homes.
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