What is the story of Bohol

History Bohol Philippines


Important dates from the history of Bohol


Early development

The real ancestors of the people in the Philippines were predominantly Polynesians and Malays.

From approx. 600-800 AD Trade relations arose with China and around 1300 the first Chinese branches were established. The Chinese are an important ethnic group in Filipino history. Today the Chinese make up about 2% of the population in the Philippines and they have a great influence on the Philippine economy.

Around 1200 Bohol was probably first settled from Mindanao.

From around 1300, Islam came to the Philippines with immigrants from Borneo. Islam is still widespread in Mindanao and the Sulu Islands today. Later the Spaniards brought the Christian faith and the inhabitants of the Philippines are now predominantly Catholic.


Magellan discovers the Philippines

In 1521 Magellan was the first European to reach the Philippines. With 3 ships he landed on the island of Homonhon on March 16th. With around 50-60 soldiers, Magellan wanted to assert the Spanish claims to Mactan on April 27, 1521. However, there was a relentless battle. Magellan was defeated by the Filipino fighters under the chief Lapu-Lapu and lost his life in battle. The Spaniards had to leave again. Lapu-Lapu became the Filipino national hero and today counts alongside Jose Rizal to the most important folk heroes in Filipino history.


Origin of the name Philippines

In the next few years, further attempts at conquest by the Spaniards failed. In 1543, for example, a Spanish explorer named Rui López de Villalobos. He reached Luzon with his fleet and soon afterwards the islands of Samar and Leyte. It was Rui López de Villalobos who named the archipelago "Filipinas" in honor of the Spanish Prince Philip, who later became King Philip II. This later became the current name of the Philippines.

But even his expedition was unsuccessful because the natives did not want to come to terms with the occupation. They put up bitter resistance and de Villalobos was forced to leave the country again.



Bohol, Conquest by the Spaniards, Lopez de Legazpi

In 1565 the Spaniards under General Lopez de Legazpi succeeded in conquering the islands of the Visayas and Luzon with a strong force.

Miguel Lopez de Legazpi was able to ally himself with the Boholans Datu Sikatuna from Bool and Datu Sigala from Loboc. This fraternization, known as the Blood Compact, is represented by a bronze monument of this scene in Taglibaran. To commemorate this blood contract, the Sandugo Festival is celebrated every year on Bohol.


Uprising 1621

In 1621 a priest of the old Filipino Tamblot religion called on the Filipinos in Bohol to free themselves from the oppression of the Spaniards and to return to the old religion. About 2000 Boholanos dared the uprising, but it was brutally suppressed by the Spaniards on New Year's Day 1622. The Filippinos never resigned themselves to the oppression and there were always new uprisings in different places and the proselytizing by the Spaniards was not accepted with joy by the Filipinos.


Francisco Dagohoy

In 1744 an uprising occurred on Bohol under the leadership of the freedom hero Francisco Dagohoy. The Spanish made the Catholic religion a compulsory religion.

A Filipino was to be imprisoned for apostasy from Christianity at the instigation of the Jesuit father Gaspar Morales. However, the Filipino resisted and was killed in the process. Francisco Dagohoy, the brother of the slain, swore revenge and 20,000 men joined him. Fighting broke out and Francisco Dagohoy succeeded in installing a new government.

For more than 80 years, many Spanish governors failed to suppress the uprising and it was not until 1829 that the Spanish were able to regain the upper hand in Bohol. Even today, the Francisco Dagohoy Cave in the city of Danao on Panglao is a testimony to Boholan history. In this cave the men around Francisco Dagohoy had their base at the beginning of their revolt and in many battles afterwards. The Francisco Dagohoy Cave is visited by many tourists, but there are also many Filipinos who are proud of their heroes.

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